Learn More About Gum or Gingival Recession
From Dentist Dr. Lisa Spinello at Macedon Family Dentistry
Gingival recession (receding gums) refers to the progressive loss of gum tissue, which can eventually result in tooth root exposure if left untreated. Gum recession is most common in adults over the age of 40, but the process can begin in the teenage years.
Gum recession can be difficult to self-diagnose in its earlier stages because the changes often occur gradually and without any symptoms. However, if you have sensitive teeth, visible roots, longer-looking teeth or a “toothy” smile, halitosis, inflammation or bleeding, talk to us. Regular dental checkups will help to prevent gum recession and assess risk factors.
Causes of Gum Recession
Gum recession is an incredibly widespread problem that we diagnose and treat on a daily basis. It is important to thoroughly examine the affected areas and make an accurate diagnosis of the actual underlying problem. Once the cause of the gum recession has been determined, surgical and non- surgical procedures can be performed to halt the progress of the recession and prevent it from occurring in the future.
The most common causes of gingival recession are:
Overaggressive brushing: Over brushing can almost be as dangerous to the gums as too little. Brushing too hard or brushing with a hard-bristled toothbrush can erode the tooth enamel at the gum line, and irritate or inflame gum tissue.
Poor oral hygiene: When brushing and flossing are performed improperly or not at all, a plaque buildup can begin to affect the teeth. Plaque contains all types of bacteria, which can promote infection and erode the underlying jawbone.
Chewing tobacco: Any kind of tobacco use has devastating effects in your entire mouth. Chewing tobacco, in particular, aggravates the gingival lining of the mouth and causes gum recession if used continuously.
Periodontal disease: Periodontal disease can be a result of improper oral hygiene or caused by systemic diseases such as diabetes. The excess sugars in the mouth and narrowed blood vessels experienced by diabetics create a perfect environment for oral bacteria, which eventually can lead to infection and tooth loss.
Every case of gum recession is slightly different and therefore many treatments are available. Once the cause of the gingival recession has been addressed, the dentists at Macedon Family Dentistry will review their treatment recommendations.
If you have any questions or concerns about gum recession or seeking a dentist in the Fairport, Macedon and Palmyra areas, please contact us for an appointment to receive dental care you can smile about.